Latin: Stachyphrynium repens (S. jagorianum)
This member of the Marantaceae family has given me some problems with its identification. For a long time I thouhgt it to be Calathea leopardina or Calathea bachemiana. During a visit to the Botanic Gardens in Singapore I saw it with the name Stachyphrynium repens. From now on I will stick to that.
The species origins from the forests in the area of Indochina and Indonesia.
This plant is very suitable as ground cover in partial or full shade. Its leaves are about 15 - 25 cm in length. Plants make continuously new shoots and form clusters that are extending in time . Propagation is easily done by dividing clumps. Though I never discovered flowers or seeds, sometimes small new plants show up in other parts of my garden. These places are always humid and shady. I still have to find out how the dispersal of this plant works.
Latin: Cuphea hyssopifolia
English: False Heather, Mexican heather, Hawaiian heather, Taiwan beauty, Elfin herb
Indonesian: Tanaman Taiwan
As the False Heather is native in the area from Mexico to Panama it is a mystery why it is called "Tanaman Taiwan" (Taiwan Plant) in Indonesian.
This shrub with tiny purple flowers never grows higher than 30 cm in my garden, but should be able to reach a hight of 70 cm.
Latin: Zebrina pendula
English: Inch Plant, Wandering Traveler, Wandering Jew
Indonesian: Rumput Belang
Wandering Traveler, or Inch Plant, is native to Mexico. Its leaves and
stems are fleshy. The length of the leaves is about 5 cm. The upper
site of the leaves is dark greyish-green with two bands of silver. The back site is purple
coloured. The Inch Plant develops tiny small purplish flowers that
can appear all year long.
The plants like partial to full shade with a humid, well drained rich soil. The plants grow fast and stand pruning well. Zebrina pendula is a good ground cover and as well suitable for growing in hanging pots.
Zebrina pendula can easily be propagated by cuttings.
Latin: Syngonium podophyllum
The plants in the
picture were all derived from the same mother plant, but show a clear
difference in color. Young plants often show light colored leaves,
older plants usually have plain green leaves.
Colors seem have not to be influenced that much by light or shade.
This species grows best in a shady or partly shaded place. It is very strong and can stand both dry spells and inundation. Sometimes I take some plants as decoration in a vase inside the house. Though they get there very little light they stay fresh for months.
Synchonium podophyllum is very suitable as ground cover. It can as well be used as pot plant or climber.
Latin: Syngonium wendlandii
Synchonium wendlandii derives its attractiveness from the white lines on its
dark green leaves. The narrow arrow-shaped leaves have a velvet-like
surface. The plants creep with long vines and develop new roots at
the nodes. Where possible it will climb other plants, walls or
Older plants develop trifoliate leaves and occasionally some flowers. The flowers in the photo above heave a height of 9 - 10 cm. The young leaves in the photos are about 8 - 12 cm.
The big leaflet of the trifoliate leaves are about 11 cm long, the smaller leaflets about 6. Older leaves are less attractive as they usually are plain green without the white lines.
Like Synchonium podophyllum this species is suitable as ground cover. Under shrubs and trees it can create a forest-like impression. It grows best in a shaded or partly shaded place.
S. wendlandii can as well be used as pot plant or climber.